When you drive down Monmouth Street in Winchester VA think of poor Monmouth's headless fate . . . and the Bill of Attainder authorizing his decapitation.
But is this the reason for naming Monmouth Street?
Quarles assumes so - sort of.
"There is a Monmouth Road in London, undoubtedly named after James the Duke of Monmouth (1649-1685), an illegitimate son of Charles II who asserted his right to the throne and was defeated at the Battle of Sedgemoor and beheaded on July 15, 1685. It is assumed that Monmouth Street in Winchester is named for this London thoroughfare."
"It is said that before laying his head to the block Monmouth specifically bade
Jack Ketchfinish him at one blow, saying he had mauled others before. Disconcerted, Ketch did indeed inflict multiple blows with his axe, the prisoner rising up reproachfully the while - a ghastly sight that shocked the witnesses, drawing forth execrations and groans. Some say a knife was at last employed to sever the head from the twitching body. Sources vary; some claim eight blows, the official Tower of London fact sheet says it took five blows..."
Bills of attainder, meaning "taintedness" target ONE PERSON or ONE GROUP by the legislature for punishment without trial, thus violating two principles: Separation of Power,and Due Process.
A complicated Modern Example of Bill of Attainder:
"After the United States House of Representatives passed a resolution in late 2009 barring the community organising group Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now (ACORN) from receiving federal funding, the group sued the U.S. government. Another, broader bill, the Defund ACORN Act, was enacted by Congress later that year. In March 2010, a federal district court declared the funding ban an unconstitutional bill of attainder. On 13 August 2010, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit reversed and remanded on the grounds that only 10 percent of ACORN's funding was federal and that did not constitute "punishment..."