Who said Virginia Blues?

Who said Virginia Blues?

Compiled by Jim Moyer 7/18/2017, update 7/22/2017, 7/23/2017, 3/4/2018, 7/13/2018

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What was the
myth making machinery
saying shortly
after news
of Braddock’s Death?

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Especially regarding
the Virginia Blues?

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The Capt George Mercer Co of the VA Regiment

hoist some Grog

October 28, 2017

at Fort Edwards, Capon Bridge WV.

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From a Founders Online Footnote
Quote:

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“…he [the dying General Braddock]
woud cry out my dear Blue’s (which was the Colrs the Virginians wore) give em tother Fire, you Fight like Men, & will die like Souldiers ;"

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Many abbreviations are found in letters back then: Colrs is Colors, and spelling was not standardized, such as woud, Souldiers.

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General Braddock with our Captain George Mercer Co.

of the Virginia Regiment

celebrating the 275th Anniversary of Fairfax County Virginia

in June 17, 2017.

See more:

http://frenchandindianwarfoundation.org/event/fairfax-county-va/

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A standardized dictionary?
Samuel Johnson published a popular and extensive standardized dictionary of spelling in 15 April 1755. Americanized standard spellings would come much later with Noah Webster.

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Back to our Virginia Blues
. Quote continues from the same writer, John Bolling, above, referring to Braddock: .
“. .. he lived from Wednesday to Sunday after, & during that time coud not bare the sight of a red Coat, whenever one came in his View, he raved imoderately, but when one of the blues, he said he hop’d to live to reward ’em”

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Picture taken at 275th Anniversary of Fairfax VA

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Quote is from
Chesterfield burgess John Bolling
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He was not at the battlefield,
He has an interesting family origin.
. He wrote his son Robert in England
13 Aug. 1755,
one month
after Braddock died.
. Source is from Schutz, “Report of Braddock’s Defeat,” 376–77).
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Picture is of Captain George Mercer Co of the VA Regiment (who recruited residents of this county) celebrating Fairfax County's 275th Anniversary.
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Bolling’s story of what General Braddock said and felt cannot be corroborated,
but clearly reference to the Virginia “blues” is widespread in the colony.
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Picture is by Tony Elar Jr. . This was a spontaneous impromptu crayon drawn at VA Beer Museum in Front Royal 7/21/2017 depicting the Blues ….the Virginia Blues.

John Martin
mentions the Virginia Blues
in his letter to GW:

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"The Under Sherif of this County
Carries Down three Deserters
which were taken up here
and as they are of our Brave Blues,
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I most Earnestly Intreat your Interest
in Procuring a Pardon for them."
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Smith has a Sweetheart & 2 Children here & Barker a Wife which I Presume were the Loadstones that Attracted them."
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Source:
https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-02-02-0004#GEWN-02-02-02-0004-fn-0001-ptr

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Behaved Like Men
Died Like Soldiers
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Kevin O’Malley draws this picture in July 2017 to show the dying General Braddock carried on his Sash used as a stretcher.

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Bolling’s phrase of
"you Fight like Men, & will die like Shouldiers"
appears 13 August 1755,
while
a similar phrase
appears in GW’s letter
of 18 August 1755.

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GW writes from Fort Cumberland to Lt Gov Dinwiddie on 18 August 1755, five days after Bolling's letter.
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Quote: . ‘The Virginian Companies, behavd like Men, and died like Soldiers’
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Source: Footnote 4 from …
. https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-01-02-0168#GEWN-02-01-02-0168-fn-0003-ptr .
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From a Founders Online Footnote quote:
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“…he [the dying General Braddock] woud cry out my dear Blue’s (which was the Colrs the Virginians wore) give em tother Fire, you Fight like Men, & will die like Shouldiers; "

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London hears about the
Virginia Blues
and the Carolina men
. A letter from GW’s cousin in London 5 September 1755:
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"We have heard of General Bradock’s Defeat. Every Body Blames his Rash Conduct. Every body Commends the Courage of the Virginians and Carolina men: which is very Agreable to me."
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Founders online footnote:

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1. In its Aug. 1755 number,
the Gentleman’s Magazine (London) reported, i
n part, that when Braddock’s regulars
“fled with the utmost terror and precipitation . . . the Virginians who formed the rear still stood unbroken, and continued the engagement on very unequal terms near 3 hours”
(pp. 379–80).
Other similar accounts appeared in the British press.
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Breeches Red or Blue
in the Braddock Expedition?

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In 1754 the breeches were red.
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And Red breeches is what you see in this portrait of GW years later in 1772.
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We think this is because GW was still actively claiming land promised by Dinwiddie only to the men of 1754, not to the men of 1755.
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After September 1755 the breeches were blue.

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GW orders on September 17, 1755,
“a Suit of Regimentals
of good blue Cloath,
the Coat to be faced and cuffed with Scarlet, and trimmed with Silver: a Scarlet waistcoat, with silver Lace,
blue Breeches,
and a silver-laced Hat.”

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Breeches Red or Blue in the Braddock Expedition?

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Footnote in Founders Online states:
. "The Virginia troops under Braddock wore the standard provincial uniform of blue coats with red facings and blue breeches." .
Source of text above: https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-02-02-0004#GEWN-02-02-02-0004-fn-0001

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See first portrait of George Washington in this link and scroll down to the uniforms section.
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See:
https://frenchandindianwarfoundation.org/event/charles-willson-peale/

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February 19, 1754 Proclamation
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GW was still actively claiming land promised by Dinwiddie only to the men of 1754, not to the men of 1755.
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That promise was only to those who served on that mission (Jumonville and Fort Necessity battle) in 1754.
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See
https://frenchandindianwarfoundation.org/event/1754-proclamation/
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1754 Proclamation
http://www.sos.ky.gov/admin/land/resources/legislation/Documents/Proclamation%20of%201754.pdf
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More context on the February 19, 1754 Proclamation
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http://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-01-02-0031#GEWN-02-01-02-0031-fn-0012
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Other Links for followup
RUMOR OF GW DEAD
in the Braddock Expedtion
And much like Mark Twain many years later,
news of George Washington’s demise was greatly exaggerated:
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As I have heard since my arrivl at this place,
a circumstantial acct of my death and dying Speech,
I take this early oppertunity of contradicting , ,
and of assuring you that ,
I ⟨ illegible ⟩ of the livg by the miraculous care of,
I have not, as yet, composed the latter.
But by the all powerful dispensatns of, Providence,
,I have been, beyond all human probability & expectation
for I had 4 Bullets through my Coat,
and two Horses shot under me
yet although death
was levelling my companions
on every side of me
escaped unhurt.
. 1. GW had arrived at Fort Cumberland the previous day. 2. The illegible portion may read: “am still in the land.” 3. GW reached Mount Vernon on Saturday, 26 July.
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Source: https://founders.archives.gov/?q=Date%3A1755-07-18&s=1111311111&r=3 . .
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STORY OF SURVIVOR
from the Braddock Expedition
AT RETIREMENT AGE
. Anecdote of General Gates, extracted from the genuine letter of an officer . The Gentleman’s and London Magazine: Or Monthly Chronologer, 1741-1794 . https://books.google.com/books?id=QvoRAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA3&lpg=PA3&dq=was+Braddok%27s+gold+in+pound+sterling?&source=bl&ots=b6ADK_YN2D&sig=fBnmD4iS6mrwtupXcLHH4rNbi2I&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjDhtnh9IPVAhVDdz4KHY4tCSAQ6AEIRDAD#v=onepage&q=was%20Braddok’s%20gold%20in%20pound%20sterling%3F&f=false

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See more on this story.

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General Horatio Gates and General Adam Stephen meet July 9, 1782, near Martinsburg WV.

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What do they talk about?

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July 9 1755.
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That was the disaster for the Braddock Expedition at the Monongahela River.
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General Gates was wounded and saved by a man mentioned in the google books link above.

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There were 4 future Generals who survived the disaster of Braddock’s Expedition:

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George Washington, Horatio Gates, Adam Stephen, Charles Lee.

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Three of them have homes within several miles of each other near today’s Martinsburg WV.

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Two of them,
Horatio Gates and Adam Stephen
met years later on July 9, 1782,
at
Horatio Gates’ home
called
Travelers Rest.

This is after
the Siege of Yorktown
ending October 19, 1781
and before
the Paris Peace Treaty
of September 4, 1783.

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https://frenchandindianwarfoundation.org/event/travelers-rest-horatio-gates-place/

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Braddock Died and Buried
July 13, 1755

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Founders Online footnote:

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[Braddock] died
at a camp near
the Great Meadows
on the evening of 13 July
and was buried nearby.

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“We Buried him,” one soldier wrote,
“in two Blankits in the high Road
that was cut for the Wagons,
that all the Wagons might
March Over him
and the Army [also] to hinder
any Suspision of the French Indiens.

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For if they thought he was Buried their, they would take him up and Scalp him”

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(“The Journal of Captain Robert Cholmley’s Batman,” in Hamilton, Braddock’s Defeat, 32).
Source
https://founders.archives.gov/?q=Date%3A1755-07-17&s=1111311111&r=2#
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GW later recalled
that he had responsibility
for choosing the grave site
and seeing that the general
was properly buried.

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(GW Biographical Memorandum, c.1786, ViMtvL, photostat).

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TOUR OF THE SITES
OF THE BRADDOCK EXPEDITION
See
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https://pastinthepresent.wordpress.com/2013/08/

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compiled before the Patriots Day event in Middletown VA on Saturday 7/22/2017

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Middletown VA Patriots Pride Day

https://frenchandindianwarfoundation.org/event/middletown-va/

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